Modern Makarov? Russian “Udav” Pistol to Complete Trials Late in 2016

A pistol described by some articles as the Udav, though I have not confirmed this. Image source:

According to sources at the Eurosatory exposition in Paris, France, the Russian Army has nearly completed tests on the new pistol design likely to be adopted to replace the 9x18mm PMM Makarov and 9x19mm PYa Yargin pistols currently in service. The Udav (Russian for “Boa”) pistol is based on the previous Serdyukov SR-1 “Gyurka” (the Russian name for a kind of desert viper), and like it is chambered for the Russian 9x21mm armor-piercing caliber, what was developed for it. This means that at least for a time the Russian Army will be fielding no less than three 9mm calibers (x18, x19, and x21), until the Udav can replace the other two pistols entirely. According to IHS Jane’s:

“The preliminary trials of the Udav pistol have been finished,” the source said. “We are fixing all the drawbacks revealed. TsNIITochMash will then produce the initial batch of the pistols to test them under the state trials programme.” He did not outline the basic specifications of the new pistol, but added that its grip would be made of composite materials. According to the source, the Udav pistol is chambered for the Russian 9x21mm cartridge used in the Serdyukov SPS/SR-1M Vektor heavy pistol.


The SR-1M 9x21mm handgun. Image source:


The Serdyukov pistol design uses a short-recoil system with a tilting locking piece under the barrel, similar to the Beretta 92 or the Walther P38, coupled with a hammer-fired mechanism. The frame is a compound steel-polymer type coupled with a steel slide and barrel. The pistol features a trigger safety, like a Glock, as well as a grip safety, similar to an XD or early model Luger. It’s unknown exactly how the Udav compares to the original Serdyukov, but it seems likely that it incorporates a slide stop, added to later production examples of the SR-1M.


Thanks to Daniel for the tip!

Nathaniel F

Nathaniel is a history enthusiast and firearms hobbyist whose primary interest lies in military small arms technological developments beginning with the smokeless powder era. In addition to contributing to The Firearm Blog, he runs 196,800 Revolutions Per Minute, a blog devoted to modern small arms design and theory. He is also the author of the original web serial Heartblood, which is being updated and edited regularly. He can be reached via email at


  • Zachary marrs

    I’ve never seen such an ugly gun

    I mean, most other russian firearms have that whole utilitarian theme, but this, damn. Just damn

    • datimes

      And it’s black! Wait till Diane, Hillary, and the rest of the girls ind out. This must be banned.

      • PK

        Already would be under current sanctions and import bans, wouldn’t it?

    • hikerguy

      Ding ! Ding! Ding! We have a winner for “Quote Of The Day”. (I agree wholeheartedly). It looks a little small to be firing a 9 x 21 +P+ round.

      • Kivaari

        Not the Chicom PM variant. The BIG gun above.

      • Kivaari

        It may not be a +P+ round unless there is a Russian 9x21mm standard round it is enhancing.

        • hikerguy

          Come to think of it, the 9 x 19 is rated as that. It may be enhanced to match the 9 x 21 round the Russians developed for piercing body armor. Thanks! Anyway, it still looks long to use the 9 x 21 round.

          • Kivaari

            Original 9×21 Italian simply had the same performance as the 9×19. Italian law said no to 9×19. The 9×19+P+ was developed to give US cops near .357 Magnum performance. It is restricted, so it doesn’t find its way into weak guns. A collector Luger could be ruined easily. Then to avoid that pitfall the .357 SIG was created. Early on the SIG was within 10 fps of the 9+P+. That stopped the ability to blow up old guns, since there are none in .357 SIG. W/O searching, I don’t know when the Russians adopted the 9x21mm and if it has the same case size as the Italian. That would allow them what we have with the .357 SIG.

          • Kivaari

            I did look up the Russian round. The X21 is not as hot as the X19.

    • Kivaari

      Ugly is a M1895 Nagant revolver. Fun to shoot. No power. Easiest revolver to clean.

      • iksnilol

        I honestly like their look. They aren’t that weak, though the modern ammo is substantially weaker.

        I’ve always wanted to build a precision revolver out of one, preferably out of one those 1910 swingout models.

        • Kivaari

          Me too. I had around 5 of them. Some were mint condition. I love the workmanship of the Swiss variant.

          • iksnilol

            The Swiss variant??

            Now that sounds mighty interesting, probably wouldn’t even need tuning what with the Swiss obsession with precision.

          • Kivaari

            Besides the Russian gas-seal variant many European armies adopted the Nagant or Nagant-type. All are now desirable collector guns. Being Swiss, well, like you said obsession leads to beautiful devices, even guns.

          • iksnilol

            Ah, I remember those. I was hoping there was a Swiss gas seal variant.

          • Kivaari

            I think only Russia adopted those. Other than perhaps some palace guards or local police I don’t think they sold many. I like them. Had they needed to revert to black powder, had smokeless failed, it was new) it would have been the best small bore revolver around. The gas seal would have kept the gun working when others would be crudded up. I loved how clean the bore and chambers are after shooting.

          • iksnilol

            I like it due to the precision potential.

          • Kivaari

            A match version exists. As does a .22 LR version. No gas seal on the .22. The match guns are very accurate.

  • john huscio

    Looks like something you’d find dropped at a crimescene in Chicago. (Aka lorcin-jennings-bryco-jiminez-like)

    • Anomanom

      And Ravens, don’t forget .25 Ravens. There were always enough of those in property to arm the whole damn agency.

      • Kivaari

        I used to sell Ravens for $39.99. They worked. Most buyers were older couples. They always came with a lesson on not packing it fully stuffed, and to keep their finger off the trigger except when shooting.

    • datimes

      Some years back the dopes in Chicago were doing ‘buy backs’ and paying $100 or more. People were purchasing dozens of cheap guns in the suburbs, selling them at the buy back, and pocketing the difference.

  • Ben Loong

    I’m more partial to the Chinese take on the modern Makarov.

    • anon

      oh god i think i’m in love

    • Bob

      That is nice. Is it cheap surplus? Google help me….

      • Ben Loong

        Seeing as how QSZ-11 came into PLA service just a couple years ago, I severely doubt you’ll find any available in the civilian market.

      • Bob

        Well phooey. It is a modern pistol that just came out, the QSZ 11, and is chambered in 5.8×21 I’ve never even heard of. Not likely I’ll be getting one any time soon or probably ever….

        • Anonymoose

          They haven’t ever released to the 5.8×42 on the export market, not likely they’ll ever release the 5.8×21. Maybe they’ll come out with a 9×19 export version like they did with the QSZ-92, and we’ll get the import restrictions on Chinese firearms lifted some day…

    • n0truscotsman

      Looks very handy actually.

  • Kovacs Jeno

    “According to sources at the Eurosatory exposition in Paris, France, the
    Russian Army has nearly completed tests on the new pistol design likely
    to be adopted to replace the 9x18mm PMM Makarov and 9x19mm PYa Yargin pistols currently in service”

    Total bullshit.

    In the last 10 years at least 10 times were the Makarov and the AK-74 totally replaced by a “fantastic new gun” *almost* adopted in Russia.

    But nothing happened at all. They still carry the old Makarov and AK-74 variants, except some very special commando/swat units.

  • Ed

    I agree with some its a wait and see if it even gets adopted little lone replaces PMM or PYA pistols. Remember how many time the Russians had a competition only to buy a few pistols, PYA, GSH-18 ect.

  • schizuki

    It looks like a CZ-83 raped a Hi-Point.

  • A bearded being from beyond ti

    Excuse my ignorance, but why is the trigger so… high up and forward, so to speak..

    • Joe Schmo

      I noticed that. It looks like an uncircumcised M&P trigger.

    • mazkact

      Agreed, I just cannot see it working for us basketball palming guys. I hope the trigger sets back a little farther when cocked. KGB must have tiny hands and fingers.

    • Kivaari

      When they copied others, they didn’t do a good job.

    • Ignacio Muñoz Diaz

      Simply, the frame it’s largest than usual 9mm pistols
      But the te real posibilites of udar be adquired for the ratnik program be very low, the pl14 be a better design and a be ck product

      • A bearded being from beyond ti


  • MB

    Designed by Lada engineers

    • vwVwwVwv

      lada you can repair alone and stuck in sibiria it may be a qustion of life and death.

      the same thing are russian arms, rough, heavy but reliable.

      hanguns in russian army serve the officer
      for shoting himself easyer
      if he was not enough

      tradition, thats all. 😀

      • Just Sayin’

        And they need armor piercing rounds for that? 😉

        • Tritro29

          Thick skull…

  • Joe Schmo

    Man, that thing is so ugly that it makes a Glock look like Ryan Reynolds.

  • Harry’s Holsters

    Am I the only one who thinks it looks like an R51?

    • vwVwwVwv

      no now as you whrite.

    • DIR911911 .

      that was the first thing that I saw with the articles on top of each other

    • Cattoo

      Nope. My first impression was of that.

    • ostiariusalpha

      Bah! Where’s the swoop? You can’t be R51 category ugly without a swoop.

  • Sab zero

    They have only started to induct the Pya pistol in 2012, 9 years after its official “adoption”, so I don’t really see them changing for a new design anytime soon. Tested doesn’t necessarily mean adopted.

  • PK

    Eh. I’m more interested in details on the rarely-seen eccentric integrally silenced handgun they teased a while ago to replace the ПБ 6П9… which is the same base handgun (the grip/frame at least) as the article’s СПС “Гюрза” and the СР-1 “Вектор”.

    • Giolli Joker

      This is really interesting… do you have anything more on it?

      • PK

        You’re looking at the sum total. It uses 9x21mm, apparently, and the same grip/frame as the СПС and the СР-1 (look at the logo and the caliber marking, then scroll up to the others pictured in the article). The silencer appears to be similar to the ПБ 6П9 in that it can partially detach. It appears to be eccentric to the bore. It has rails. Past that, nothing, not even a name for it.

        • Giolli Joker

          Ok. Thanks! It reminds me of a modern Chinese silenced Type 67.

          • PK

            You’re welcome. I wish I had more to tell!

    • DW

      Who knew suppressors also fix ugly?

  • Issac Staroselsky

    Don’t get over excited. It’s 9×21 gyurza pistol from 80’s

  • RS

    The Russians never fail to amaze me with the most idiotic names for their guns. How can a pistol be called “Boinae”?

    And it’s ugly, too. What about the previously announced PL-14?

  • Giolli Joker

    The 9×19 “Kalashnikov” pistol prototype seen last year was much sexier looking.

  • john huscio

    Do the Russians not know of tenifer or Melanite? Awful finish.

    • Andrew Dubya

      Lucky for them it`s intended as a military weapon, not a showpiece. I`d rather bring a beat up Toyota to war than a shiny new BMW.

  • Uncle Festet

    I am convinced that someone could make a fortune making 9mm Makarovs with a decent trigger. Loved mine – except the trigger.

    • Bob

      Huh? My Makarov PM has a decent trigger as far as I can tell. I was actually surprised at how well it fits me, as my previous experiences with single/double actions has been somewhat disappointing. If it feels right single action, it is so wrong in double, and vica versa.

    • Kivaari

      I thought all those I had were fine. East German ones in particular are great. A Chinese one was similar. Both had great quality finish work.

      • Uncle Festet

        With the exception of the trigger, I would have given mine an A+. The trigger wasn’t horrible, but more like a C+ – OK but rough. With a decent trigger, the gun would have been spectacular.

    • n0truscotsman

      One of the most underrated and underappreciate concealed carry guns, IMO.

  • Arandor Thinnorion

    I’m partial to the Czech take on the Makarov, the CZ-83 (a.k.a. Vz. 82).

    • John Redman

      I agree. I collect most anything I can in 9×18. Waited years to get a CZ 82. Also have a E German, 1963, Makarov that had never failed to function and except for holster wear at the muzzle the bluing is almost 100%. Not bad for $150.00 (in 1994).
      While the CZ 82 is a little more rough appearance wise, black paint, not blued. It’s a great pistol and since it’s not broke I’m not going to fix it.

  • Gregory

    It looks like someone pinched a loaf and called it a gun.

  • mazkact

    Sometimes when a Hi-Point and a Makarov love each other very much……………………..

  • Ignacio Muñoz Diaz

    Have a lot more chance who tow 2 or javelin be in hands of every terrorist….. sold avanced weapons to terrorist suporters like uae, qatar , saudi arabia or turkey not it´s a good idea

    • vwVwwVwv

      what makes this one not beter, tow and javaline are expensive, that one not so.

  • Archie Montgomery

    I think many military firearms can be explained by the underlying concept of “It has to be made – and designed – here!”

    On the other hand, random experimentation and ‘thinking outside the box’ can lead to great discoveries.

    Probably, my attitude and judgements are determined by ‘what I have suits me and fills my needs’. I have no need to replace my personal defensive guns.

  • tarnishedcopper

    I like that Chinese take on a Makarov!! I like it a lot! The Russian gun looks like something built in someone’s garage!! I have some of that 9×21 ammo and never knew what it was until now…

  • idahoguy101

    So the 9x21mm cartridge does what the .357 SIG does already?

  • richard kluesek

    glad to see our enemies struggling, including the Chinese gun posted below by Ben Loong. Eventually some will reach the various terrorists and islamics, wish ill and a pox on 1 & all.

  • robert57Q

    Just an opinion, but – damn, that’s fugly!

  • Jamie Clemons

    Macaroni mmmmm.