Epizikl’s Excellent 3D Ammunition Models


Russian forum poster Epizikl has great skill with computer assisted drafting software: He has rendered in great detail a veritable multitude of different ammunition types and loads, including rare and obscure types that are rarely if ever seen constituted in the real world. His work can be seen in photo dumps on both forums.guns.ru and popgun.ru; some of his renders are reproduced below:


Russian 7N25 armor-piercing 9x18mm Makarov ammunition, rendered by Epizikl.


12.7×108 B-32 armor-piercing incendiary ammunition, rendered by Epizikl.



5.45×39 7N22 armor-piercing ammunition, rendered by Epizikl.


5.7x28mm FN, probably SS-90, rendered by Epizikl.




6.5×57 Federov; this was Vladimir Fyodorov’s “ideal” round proposed for adoption in the early 1900s to replace 7.62x54R and be used in his Avtomat. Instead, the Imperial Russian Army substituted 6.5x50SR Japanese, stocks of which were on-hand at the time. By Epizikl.



6.5×38 Grendel, featuring what appears to be either an aluminum or nickel-plated case, and a very interesting bullet that may have been inspired by 7N6, by Epizikl.



9x39mm SP-6 armor piercing subsonic round, by Epizikl.



Epizikl’s renders are not without their errors, but in many cases it appears he is working from sources that I do not have – and wish I did! Like Epizikl, rendering ammunition via CAD is a hobby of mine, though I do not generally undertake to achieve the level of detail that his renders do. I highly recommend readers who are interested in ammunition click through the two links above, and look at every one of the many rounds he has lovingly rendered and posted online!

Nathaniel F

Nathaniel is a history enthusiast and firearms hobbyist whose primary interest lies in military small arms technological developments beginning with the smokeless powder era. In addition to contributing to The Firearm Blog, he runs 196,800 Revolutions Per Minute, a blog devoted to modern small arms design and theory. He is also the author of the original web serial Heartblood, which is being updated and edited regularly. He can be reached via email at nathaniel.f@staff.thefirearmblog.com.


  • Jon

    Quite good bullets those he has rendered.

  • Nick

    anyone else notice they’re all Berdan primed?

    • Yes, I had noticed that. I guess, he is Russian. 🙂

      • Any reason why the russians still use berdan? Is it cheaper. Even the yugoslav’s kept using it in their brass 7.62x39mm.

        • No reason to change, I suppose.

          • Nick

            Good point. The same reason they used 7.62 caliber for pretty much all small arms for so long. By doing that, they wouldn’t need extra tooling to make a different caliber.

          • Or being frugal. Russians aren’t into expense.

          • roguetechie

            have you ever done any of the 6.5cbj types?
            Also, do you know of any AFFORDABLE and at least semi accurate software solutions for designing a non standard sabot pairing with a projectile, powder, case and get usable accurate information about MV peak pressure and the usual data?
            Ideally it would be capable of dealing with projectiles like 5.56 FABRL the voss rounds Russian SJ-ESC construction and non standard projectile penetration into the case etc and what the heck driving bands too lol…?
            Or since I’m pretty sure that is a no. Can you recommend texts that I can pull the raw math from?
            I’d like to one day 3-5 years from now experiment with ammunition design, but I don’t want to resort to iterative design and have to physically make the barrels rounds brass for each new try. (I figure if I start the book work now I should only be mostly confused when I start testing..)

        • Nick

          Always wondered that myself too. It seems it’d be more dangerous during the priming stage if the machine fed two or pressed it too hard.

        • ostiariusalpha

          It’s not just cheaper (though it is that), the Russians strongly discourage civilian ammunition reloading. Something about regular folks with stockpiles of bullets & powder rubs them the wrong way.

        • smartacus

          maybe there’s a cult of personality around Hiram Berdan’s sideburns 🙂

      • Secundius

        @ Nathaniel F. @ TFB.

        ATTN: “WARNING” EPIZIKL, is a Virus Website. Just spent more than 45-minutes trying to get off the website. STAY CLEAR OF IT!!!

    • smartacus

      ok i’ll bite:
      In Russia; Berdan primes you
      **badum psshh

  • Darkpr0

    The impressive part is not that he modelled them. The impressive part is that he has access enough to these munitions that he can get dimensions on them.

  • The screenies are from SolidWorks, which has like three different levels of render. The first is the model on screen – this is rendered in a literal sense by the graphics on your computer. The second is what SW calls a “preview render”, which is a less intensive form of render to help the modeler fix any lighting or framing errors, among other things. Then there are “final renders”, which are the most important and that’s what thatguy means, as “render” is often used as a shorthand for “final render”, e.g. “that render took so long, I had to leave my computer on all night”. They are not final renders, true – but then I never said they were. 🙂

    • roguetechie

      Ah I am an AutoDesk user inventor 2012 mostly. I don’t render a bunch… Mostly because my projects are perpetually in flux lol!! And that whole hours and hours thing lol. But considering that I live in Oregon… It would be silly to use solid works. I’ve heard SW has advantages over inventor, but my instructor from college still answers my emails and helps me if I draw myself into a corner heh. that is a hell of a motivator for keeping the faith….