Hungarian Gun Laws

Zoltan, who recently translated one of my articles in Hungarian, was kind enough to explain the gun laws in Hungary.

No restrictions: air rifles and air guns (airsofts too) are free to buy and shoot at home if it is under 7.5 J (5.53 ft/lbs) in energy of the bullets.

No restrictions to purchase but able to carry hidden only with a simple license: the gas/alarm guns. Some of them can fire rubber balls, but it must loaded seperately from the ammo.

No restrictions to purchase museal guns, which works with seperated bullet, blackpowder and primer. Blackpowder and primer is only keeping by fire fields, so you can keep at home only the weapon and the bullets, nothing else. There are a special type of the museal guns, wich works with a 9mm R blanc or a 6 mm FB platz and fires rubber or metal bullets. You can use them at home, for home defence (the bigger patron and the gum, check my picture gallery “Gumilövedékes teszt“) or practice. For practice, the best is a modified TOZ-8. You must not bear them in the street.

Shooting Rubber Balls. Many more interesting photos here.

Real Firearms: You need serious and expensive licences and a long procedure, if you want to buy a real firearm for sport. It could be semi-automatic. Our sportshooters are less year by year. Of course, you need the same procedure, if your airgun is stronger than 7.5 J.

If you need a real gun for self defense, it is almost impossible. For the cops, soldiers too. If you get the licence (smaller wonder), you are limited to two guns. You can be allowed to carry them hidden, of course.

Gas aerosols (pepper spray): Most of them have no restrictions to buy and carry.

Knives: Blade must be under 8 cm. You must not hold automatic knives, or “french” knives (automatic knife where the blade shoots out of the handle).

It is sad to hear that these restrictions are causing a decline in participation of shooting sports.

I am always interesting in hear about gun laws in other countries.

Many thanks to Zoltan.

Steve Johnson

Founder and Dictator-In-Chief of TFB. A passionate gun owner, a shooting enthusiast and totally tacti-uncool. Favorite first date location: any gun range. Steve can be contacted here.


  • marko from serbia

    What does zoltan meen by “french” knives?

    • marko, I am not sure. I will ask him to clarify.

    • marko, french knife is a knife where the blade pops up vertically from the handle when a button is pressed.

  • Dear Serbian friend,
    The french knive is a knive which can shoot its blade out. Very rare. Not so rare, but also banned the automatic opening knives (rugóskés).
    BTW, check this picture gallery, about the Gorkijs, which are gas/alarm AK-47 type III (Gorkij-47) and AMD-65 (Gorkij-65) converted by the Hungarian Keserű Művek.
    I have aGorkij-65 from last week, and I waiting for my license to carry it legal. 🙂 It will be a big fun, but really useless.

    • Zoltan, do you have a photo of the ammunition for the Gorkij-65?

  • The guy in the gallery is me, and the garden in the pictures on the article is my, few years ago. Our most powerful gumshooters are the Godfather (converted shotgun) and the Omerta gun (cheaper rifle) and the Onesta revolver. they are able to shoot 100-120 J, and a 19,3 mm rubber ball. The biggest holes on the plate made by the Godfather, from 3 meters.

  • I will take some pictures tonite.

    • Zoltan, great! I am looking forward to seeing them. Very interesting to see an AK converted 🙂

  • Mik

    Köszönöm szépen Zoltan.

  • “It is sad to hear that these restrictions are causing a decline in participation of shooting sports.”


    It is natural, if you count, that we need to technically renew the sportshooting licence for every year.

    And for the renewal you need to be paying member of a shooting club, the National Sportshooting Federation(which is cca. 60 dollars alone), take medical examination, shoot some qualification on official competition etc. And you can have 2 handguns plus 3 long guns.

    Most people here want guns for selfdefence, not for playing on the shooting range.

    So the big market here is for the non-lethal defense weapons only.

  • Ohh, one more: current situation in Hungary is still much better, than ever before. Until 1991 we need firearm licence for a low-powered air rifle!

  • marko from serbia

    Thanks for the reply, guys.
    I always like to hear about other countries gun laws. Serbian gun laws are not so great, but it’s possible to own more than two handguns. They cost twice as much as they should, because government is protecting Crvena Zastava Arms with high import taxes. It’s challenging, but not impossible to be a gun enthusiast in Serbia.
    BTW, awesome gun blog, Steve. Keep up the good work!

  • Mik

    “So the big market here is for the non-lethal defense weapons only.”

    So what are the most popular and the best non-lethal weapons available there?

  • Shane

    Seems similar to the situation in Canada. Too many restrictions and too many hoops to jump through is killing the shooting sports and the firearm industry here. Who wants to bother when something as simply as not double-locking your handgun during transports will get you up to 2 years in jail? And I think we ban even more types of weapons–shuriken, nunchucks, pepperspray, and all kinds of arbitrary things are banned in Canada.

  • Matt Groom

    “…was kind enough to explain the gun laws in Hungaria.”

    Hungary, not Hungaria. No such animal, Steve.

    • Matt, thanks for the correction. Sheesh, my European geography is embarrassingly poor!

  • ““…was kind enough to explain the gun laws in Hungaria.”

    Hungary, not Hungaria. No such animal, Steve

    Actually: Hungary in English, Hungaria in Latin, Ungarn in German, Vengriya in Russian…but in Hungarian it is Magyarország. It is similar to Finnish call their country Suomi.

  • “So what are the most popular and the best non-lethal weapons available there?”

    Currently the best selling ones are the gas-alarm revolvers, which are also capable to shoot rubber bullets.

    One of the most popular models Alfa G030, made in Czech Republic

  • Mik

    Your link was not working properly. But, I did find two videos of something called an Alfa G030. First video looks like the loading process. The second one shows it in action. Seems to be a 6 shot gas revolver. I am curious about the cost of the revolver, rubber bullets and gas propellant?

  • Hi,
    the link is for a Hungarian gunforum page, where you can find photos about the G030.

    Yes, the gun on the youtube video is also the G030.

    The gun itself is cca. 250 USD, the 9 mm R. Knall blank cartridge is cca. 35 cents, the (reusable) rubber bullet is cca. 10 cents.

    Tear gas ammunition is cca. 12 dollars for 10 of CS, 15 dollars for 10 of Pepper.

  • Mik

    Zoltan & gvass,
    I remember going pheasant hunting with my Father when we visited Hungary back in the 80’s. Many of the Hungarians we met had guns – not just for hunting. I still have my mounted Hungarian Pheasant. And those hunting dogs (Vizsla’s) were great – very smart!

    How effective are these air/gas weapons in Hungarian self defense situations? Are there any Hungarian gun rights organizations, anything like our NRA?

    Yes, I’m with Steve in saying it is sad to hear that these restrictions are causing a decline in participation of shooting sports.

  • Hi,
    Until 1991 only the hunters and high-ranked communist party leaders and military or police officers was allowed to own guns. Even the airguns were forbidden.

    “How effective are these air/gas weapons in Hungarian self defense situations?”

    These are NOT airguns, working with normal 9 mm centerfire gunpowder-contaning ammo. This shoots out the load of CS or Pepper, or the separate rubber bullet.

    The tear gases are devastating within 3 meters (CQB range), against an unarmed attacker in non-windy weather, it is very effective.

    In windy weather, the rubber bullet guns are more useful, the hit is like with a baseball bat.

    There is no such large and general organization as the NRA:-(( There are different organizations for hunters and sportshooters, but those are often not for, but against gun ownership.

  • Carl

    Clearly even “serious and expensive licences and a long procedure” didn’t stop this individual from obtaining a firearm:

    But it certainly made sure his victims couldn’t defend themselves or deter the murderer.

    Then the idiot prime minister has the nerve to say that “nobody can prepared for this”, when it is in fact the state that has made such preparations illegal.

  • Yes, this miniature university “massacre” was happened last week, and the sportshooting organizations already attacked each other…

    One of them want to ban IPSC, although the killer was a bullseye shooter.


    The killer was known for psychiatric problems since years, depression, skiozofrenia etc – therefore he can not have legally a gun, not even in USA through the NICS.

    But you know the mass media…

  • Mik

    Maybe the WFSA could help, try giving this information to your shooting organizations:

    The WFSA is an association of hunting, shooting, and industry organizations. Founded in 1996, the WFSA has over 35 existing associations and organizations from as far apart as Switzerland and New Zealand, Sweden and South Africa. It represents over one hundred million sport shooters around the world. The WFSA and its member associations for over ten years have attended every major UN conference affecting hunting or sport shooting. The WFSA is an official United Nations Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) recognized by the Economic and Social Council of the UN General Assembly. It is one of the few NGOs in the world to have been invited to speak before one of the five committees of the UN General Assembly.
    The WFSA is a pro-active advocacy organization, working in concert with international bodies, national governments and regulatory authorities, for the worldwide promotion and preservation of sport shooting activities. Chartered under Belgian law, the World Forum has a noble purpose: to further the study, preservation, promotion and protection of sport shooting activities on every continent. A passion to preserve for future generations our cherished heritage has fostered this.

  • Michael

    Hi there.

    Originaly i do have my licences, from Holland. i also had a very expensive training and had to go minimum 20 times per year to a range to practice, this to keep the licences and fire arms.
    i still have the licence but would like to purchase them here in Hungary,
    i do have the Hungarien status.

    Is this possible?
    So yes, How to do so.
    If no, than i do have bad luck

  • “i still have the licence but would like to purchase them here in Hungary,
    i do have the Hungarien status.

    Is this possible?

    Theoretically, if you are an EU-citizen, with Hungarian permanent address, all Hungarian laws are aplied to you.

    But practically, sorry it is almost impossible to get licence for a real firearm.

  • Boris

    Hello, can I as citizen from Eu buy an .22 caliber gun in Hungary.

  • zastava

    Hello, I refer to an early discusion that you had on this forum regarding gun pistols.
    Time being I would like to know if it is possible to buy in Hungary transformed real pistols called “expansion pistol” -or “expanzné zbrane”. Do some of you know about ? Once transformed these pistols may only blank fire, the canon is partially obstructed and pistol delivered with a certificate stating the fazct that ther pistol has been definitively “desactivated” (except for blank/gas/knall firing)