You Might Have To Pay $2,250 ITAR Tax For Threading Barrels And Reloading Ammo

    Adam Kraut posted about the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) Issuing Guidance on ITAR regulations. Last week the DDTC issued a letter on the requirement of firearm manufacturers and gunsmiths to register with DDTC under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (“ITAR”). Click here to check out the letter.

    According to the letter these do not require registration for ITAR.

    a)  Occasional assembly of firearm parts and kits that do not require cutting, drilling, or machining;

    b)  Firearm repairs involving one-for-one drop-in replacement parts that do not require any cutting, drilling, or machining for installation;

    c)  Repairs involving replacement parts that do not improve the accuracy, caliber, or other aspects of firearm operation;

    d)  Hydrographic paint or Cerakote application or bluing treatments for a firearm;

    e)  Attachment of accessories to a completed firearm without drilling, cutting, or machining—such as attaching a scope, sling, or light to existing mounts or hooks, or attaching a flash suppressor, sound suppressor, muzzle brake, or similar item to a pre- threaded muzzle;

    f)  Cosmetic additions and alterations (including engraving) that do not improve the accuracy, caliber, or other aspects of firearm operation beyond its original capabilities;

    g)  Machining new dovetails or drilling and tapping new holes for the installation of sights which do not improve the accuracy or operation of the firearm beyond its original capabilities; and

    h)  Manual loading or reloading of ammunition of .50 caliber or smaller.


    Those involved in these activities are required to register with ITAR:

    a)  Use of any special tooling or equipment upgrading in order to improve the capability of assembled or repaired firearms;

    b)  Modifications to a firearm that change round capacity;

    c)  The production of firearm parts (including, but not limited to, barrels, stocks, cylinders, breech mechanisms, triggers, silencers, or suppressors);

    d)  The systemized production of ammunition, including the automated loading or reloading of ammunition;

    e)  The machining or cutting of firearms, e.g., threading of muzzles or muzzle brake installation requiring machining, that results in an enhanced capability;

    f)  Rechambering firearms through machining, cutting, or drilling;

    g)  Chambering, cutting, or threading barrel blanks; and

    h)  Blueprinting firearms by machining the barrel.


    Some of those are things people can do in the garage. Like people with Dillon 1050s they can get autodrive mechanism where they just push a button and all they need to do is oversee that the reloader has enough components. There are people with lathes and Mills. It should apply to people who are doing this for a business but this will put a burden on the small time gun smith businesses having to pay $2,250 every year to ITAR.

    To learn more about this, check out the article by Adam Kraut.

    Nicholas C

    Steadicam Gun Operator
    Night Vision & Thermal Aficionado
    Flashlight/Laser Enthusiast
    USPSA competitor

    Any questions please email him at [email protected]