The NEW UPDATED Army Rifle & Carbine Training Circular, FREE for Download

The Department of the Army has recently released a gold mine including the updated Rifle & Carbine Training Circular Training Circular. This manual was last updated was 8 years ago in 2008.


I’m sure that you – just like me – have spent a small fortune on firearms, optics, accessories and so much ammunition.  How often do we train “right” and how much do we really think about what is going on when we hit or miss a target? We miss, we shoot again and hope we hit. Eventually if we keep missing we then shoot at something easier and closer down the shooting range. But what if we analyzed what is really going on and why we missed? Could we improve our hit probability?

I know I do not spend enough time reading literature about ballistics and understand what is going on with the weapon, my shooting stance,  the ammunition and the relationship between the physical environment and the target. Now I have no excuse because there are 236 pages waiting to download and study, all for free. As a bonus, there are easy to understand graphs and pictures.


Example of artwork included to explain.

If this manual was created for commercial sale, it would not be cheap. I wish I had it available when I began learning to shoot. The Army’s document is such a vast source of information it’s hard even to describe it in brief. They summerize it as …

Training Circular (TC) 3-22.9 provides Soldiers with the critical information for their rifle
or carbine and how it functions, its capabilities, the capabilities of the optics and ammunition,
and the application of the functional elements of the shot process.”

“This manual is comprised of nine chapters and five appendices, and is specifically tailored
to the individual Soldier’s use of the M4- or M16-series weapon. This TC provides specific
information about the weapon, aiming devices, attachments, followed by sequential chapters
on the tactical employment of the weapon system.
The training circular itself is purposely organized in a progressive manner, each chapter or
appendix building on the information from the previous section. This organization provides
a logical sequence of information which directly supports the Army’s training strategy for
the weapon at the individual level.

Chapters 1 through 4 describe the weapon, aiming devices, mountable weapons, and
accessories associated with the rifle and carbine. General information is provided in the
chapters of the manual, with more advanced information placed in appendix A, Ammunition,
and appendix B, Ballistics.

Chapters 5 through 9 provide the employment, stability, aiming, control and movement
information. This portion focuses on the Solider skills needed to produce well aimed shots.
Advanced engagement concepts are provided in appendix C of this publication. Appendix D
of this publication provides common tactical drills that are used in training and combat that
directly support tactical engagements. Finally, appendix E of this publication, is provided at
a common location in this and future weapons publications to provide a common location
for reference.

This manual does not cover the specific rifle or carbine training strategy, ammunition
requirements for the training strategy, or range operations. These areas will be covered in
separate training circulars.

TC 3-22.9 applies to all Soldiers, regardless of experience or position. This publication is
designed specifically for the Soldier’s use on the range during training, and as a reference
while deployed.”

Below: Wind Direction and Value




The manual goes through Safe Weapons Handling, Rifle and Carbine Principles of Operation, Rifle Combat Optics plus all sorts of Mountable Equipment. It also covers the shooting process, firing positions, moving targets, wind onto clearing malfunctions and shooting on the move. Ammunition, Ballistics, Zeroing the rifle and different drills. Read it and you will become a better thinker and shooter!

Download the PDF here:

More examples from the manual are below:

Below: Prone, roll-over. (page 104)


“For example, in the figure above the sights are rotated to the right. The trajectory of the bullet will be lower than and to the right of point of aim. This error will increase with range.”

I know this as I recently tried it at 330 yards. Not easy, but with some math, calculations and thinking about what actually was going on we started hitting the targets. Great challenge, great fun!

2016-03-25 18.51.04

JP Enterprises CTR-02 in .223 Wylde, tilted 90 degrees left. 330 yards. Zeiss V8 1.1-8x

And the iPad Pro can be a great help in the process…


Below: Firing position stability examples. We all feel it, but how often do we think about what is affecting our shooting stability and why?



Below: MOA vs. distance explained.


Below: Have you ever wondered why your zero keeps moving to either side?



Make sure you read the manual and shoot straight! Good luck!

PS There is very little (nothing) mentioned about the cleaning of the rifles. I’m sure that will be an interesting appendix.


Eric B

Ex-Arctic Ranger. Competitive practical shooter and hunter with an European focus. Always ready to increase my collection of modern semi-automatic firearms, optics and sound suppressors. Owning the night would be nice too.


  • SF

    thanks for this. I have not seen this yet and will be sure to use it for some upcoming training
    the maintenance, care, and cleaning of the rifles is covered in a separate manual. usually issued in a small pocket book style format

  • 11b

    Now the Army just needs to give its soldiers more range time to actually implement this stuff, *especially* on moving target ranges.

    • SF

      that’s something I push for in my unit every training meeting. And im starting to get traction to do some ranges this summer other than the typical qual ranges. Pyro and simunitions are my next hurdle to get approved for training exercises. We have the resources, just takes the right NCOs and Commander to let it happen

  • Chris Schmidt

    New Manual looks great.In general, good things are happening for riflemen in the U.S. Army:

    New rifle ammo has near identical trajectory/coefficient and actual better terminal ballistics than M855. Non-lead ammo also alows U.S. forces to use our own ammo in allied countries that prohibit it.

    New magazines have reduced rifle malfunctions dramatically.

    Going back to full-auto with heavy barrels, no more worthless 3-round burst.

    Better understanding at the Joe/Grunt level of function and application of small arms.

    Good times, and I’m stuck here at Cadet command, with 18-year old Cadets and their rubber ducks, lol.

  • Brian Hert

    It’s now generating a 403 Forbidden on that download link.

  • Joe Moore

    This is basically exactly what the Marine Corps has been teaching for quite a while. At least once per year to all Marines, actually.

  • Before too long…the Army might actually be half the marksman a basic Marine is.

    • SF


    • Jarrad

      Ah yes I knew this was coming.

    • politicsbyothermeans


    • USMC03Vet

      They have to create the patch first.

    • The Tin Star Kid

      I was fortunate because I learned to shoot a rifle quite well before I joined the Army…Its about time that the Army improved their weapons training. The Basic Rifle Marksmanship training was mediocre at best when I joined.

    • Ergo

      having served in the 101st i’m real tempted to insert some snarky humor about the intelligence of marines.

  • noob

    they worked out a holdover for gangster style

    • antiliberalcryptonite


  • Does anyone know if the Army (or Marines for that matter) are still teaching and shooting MOA adjustments for irons when most M4’s are being fitted with red dot optics? And are they teaching MOA adjustments on the optics or to just use hold-overs like on the ACOG?

    I get that the snipers and maybe even the designated marksman might get this training, but wondering about the regular infantry.

  • ClownBaBy2013

    I want a hard copy of this. Is there a link to any of the other new manuals you speak of?

  • ClownBaBy2013

    I hope to find a hard copy version soon. Also I’m interested in the other new materials put out as the referenced a couple times in the article.

  • Cap’n Mike

    Looks like they finally figured out that the Magazine touching the ground is a good thing.