Gun Review: Windham Weaponry CDI AR15


In 2010, prominent AR15 manufacturer Bushmaster Firearms announced that it was moving its manufacturing operations from Windham, Maine to Ilion, New York. This relocation came at the behest of Freedom Group, Inc., who had acquired Bushmaster (with a host of other gun companies including AR15 manufacturer D.P.M.S.) near in time to the announcement that operations would be moving. The 73 employees working for Bushmaster’s Maine plant were going to be laid off and the plant closed, in what was called “a great economic loss to southern Maine” and “a blow to the community”.

Rather than hang up his boots, Richard Dyke, Bushmaster’s original chairman and owner, decided to restart operations without delay and with the support of Bushmaster’s laid-off employees. Dyke still owned the property on which the Maine plant was situated and, after obtaining financing, Windham Weaponry was born out of Bushmaster’s Maine ashes. Officially adopting the motto “The Quality Goes In Before The Rifle Goes Out”, manufacturing picked up, and a year and a half later, Windham Weaponry was employing almost as many personnel as Bushmaster had before its new owners decided to leave Maine.

TFB recently received a Windham Weaponry CDI for testing and evaluation, and I was asked to review it. This opportunity struck a chord with me – my very first AR was this Bushmaster XM15E2S (colloquially known as “the Patrolman’s Carbine”), which Bushmaster manufactured in Maine at Windham Weaponry’s present facility. I fired thousands of rounds through that Bushmaster over several years without a single issue. Accordingly, I expected a hint of that performance from Windham’s CDI during my brief eval. In the end, I was not disappointed.


The .223/5.56x45mm Windham Weaponry CDI, Model No. R16M4SFSDHT, weighs seven pounds dry at a length of 36.125″ with the stock fully collapsed. Although I haven’t discussed the multiple upgrades this rifle comes standard with, note that the CDI weighs only a tenth of a pound more than the traditional, non-modified Colt 6920 (essentially a 16″ M4). I was surprised at how light and easy to handle this rifle was right out of the box, especially considering the fact that a robust Diamondhead free-floating handguard enshrouds the first ten inches of the barrel.

A good view of the Diamondback quad rail from the rifle's business end.

A good view of the Diamondhead handguard from the rifle’s business end.

The upper receiver is an M4A4-type “flat top”, allowing for easy optic mounting, while the lower is forged 7075 T6 aluminum.  The receivers are coated in what Windham calls a “Hardcoat Black Anodize Finish,” which looked very nice, but not unconventional.  The bolt is made from Carpenter 158 steel, which is mil-spec.  There is no indication on the bolt that the bolt was magnetic particle inspected (such as an “MP” inscription) if that matters to you.

The bolt carrier is marked “JC” and is, according to WIndham Weaponry, manufactured by J.C. Machine of Phoenix, Arizona.  The bolt carrier appears to be an M16 type, which is more desirable than the typical AR15-type carrier.  (No, an M16 bolt carrier does not make your AR15 a full-auto.)  Interestingly, J.C. Machine appears to have a relationship with Windham and P.O.F., another highly respected AR15 manufacturer.  While the bolt carrier is quite sturdy, the gas key staking looks a little light, but not problematic.

The barrel is a 16” M4 profile, and it is chrome lined and crowned with a Vortex flash suppressor, regarded as one of the most effective flash hiders on the market.  The barrel is also mil-spec in material – a 4150 chrome moly vanadium 11595E steel with M4 feed ramps for increased reliability.  The feed ramps mated perfectly with the feed ramp cuts in the receiver.

This rifle also comes equipped with a Magpul MOE 6-Position telescoping buttstock, a Diamondhead 10.25″ free-float forend with a Magpul AFG Angled Fore Grip, a Magpul MOE black pistolgrip with storage compartment, and matching Diamondhead dual aperture flip-up sights.  There is also an ambidextrous sling mount plate fore of the castle nut.

This rifle has a lifetime warranty.

General Observations:

As stated, for a rifle that came so heavily-equipped, the CDI was light and easy to handle.  Windham Weaponry incorporated quite a few third party components into this rifle.  However, these collaborations appear to be selected with care, resulting in a well-thought-out and well-equipped and complete rifle, not merely a hodgepodge of parts slapped onto a core rifle in order to inflate MSRP or give the rifle a “tacticool” appearance.

First, my favorite extra is the matching set of Diamondhead dual aperture sights.  The rear aperture makes a diamond that appears, due to your perspective behind the rifle, to be slightly larger than the diamond-shaped front sight hood. The front sight hood then fits neatly within the confines of the rear peep aperture – think about this a kind of a “nesting doll of death” (for those of you familiar with the “donut of death“).  After you align the diamonds, your front sight post should be right in the center of your rear aperture.  The sight seems to work almost identically to the HK-style diopter sight, which permits, at least in theory, faster sight acquisition through alignment of two similarly-shaped objects centered around a front sight post. I was very impressed.  Note that MSRP on these sights is $260, so they are no small contribution to the hefty $1600+ MSRP on this rifle.

The rear diamond aperture of the Diamondhead sights...

The rear diamond aperture of the Diamondhead sights…

...And the front sight diamond hood with post.

…And the front sight diamond hood with post.

Of more general interest would be the Diamondhead freefloating handguard.  This rifle comes standard with the Diamondhead’s VRS™ “X” Free Floating Handguards.  The receiver-to-rail extension was aligned and uninterrupted, so there would be no issues with front/rear sight alignment or mating a magnifier to a red dot optic.  As the handguard is a free-floater, there is no accuracy decrease or point of impact shift when a bipod or rest is used while shooting – a common, if not uniform, issue with non-free floating handguards.

Further, this rifle comes with a nice set of fore and aft Magpul furniture – the MOE stock, pistol grip, and AFG.  This trio of accessories is a common first upgrade for most AR owners, and while many who buy the CDI may ultimately elect to get a more “involved” stock than the base-model MOE, the MOE pistol grip with storage compartment is hard to improve upon, and the Magpul angled foregrip theoretically offers enhanced performance over the more conventional vertical foregrip (or no foregrip at all).  And even if the MOE stock does not bring with it the features offered by Magpul’s more expensive stocks, the light weight, cost economy, and durability of Magpul’s entry-level MOE make this a sensible inclusion.  Moreover, an MOE stock is easy to sell on the second-hand market should the CDI owner ever look to upgrade.  Accordingly, these Magpul parts are smart and welcome additions.

The Magpul MOE stock, standard on the CDI.

The Magpul MOE stock, standard on the CDI.

The Magpul AFG also comes installed on the CDI.

The Magpul AFG also comes installed on the CDI.

Other useful extras are the Vortex flash hider, which is considered one of the most effective on the market for flash suppression, and an ambidextrous sling plate installed where the buffer tube meets the lower receiver.

An ambi-sling plate – a nice touch!

With all of these accessories, there is virtually nothing to add except an optic or, should you require it, a light source.  The only accessories I could think to add might be a Magpul BAD Lever, an H buffer (the CDI comes with a standard carbine weight buffer), and perhaps an improved charging handle, and none of those items would be essential.  I would be confident enough with this setup to buy it, throw on an RDS, and leave it alone.  All of your bases are covered vis-a-vis common AR upgrades, and with top-notch components to boot.

But how does it shoot?  I ran twelve boxes through the CDI at the range, shooting with only the irons at  50m, 100m, and concluding with the “Quick and Dirty AQT” at 25m.  I did not experience any malfunctions or issues during this range session.  The trigger was fine – just the standard GI single stage trigger common to all mil-spec type ARs.  Accuracy on this gun was also on par with other ARs in this price range and class, with the most impressive five-shot group of the day coming in at almost exactly one inch, with four of those rounds fitting within a .7 inch dime-sized group – and that was with cheap Wolf steel-cased 55gr. ammo. Shooting from a bench rest and with brass cased ammo of higher quality, I’d say that this rifle would certainly shoot under 2 MOA at any range, similar to expected accuracy from other quality M4-type ARs that haven’t been accurized or sporterized in any way.

Best 5-shot group at 50 yards

Best 5-shot group at 50 yards.

The Diamondhead sights were very impressive, and offered a great balance of fast target acquisition using the diamond aperture and hood combo and precise aiming after orientation of the front post.  The AQT reinforced my observations about the effectiveness of these sights.

As stated, handling was excellent, as this rifle is lightweight and well-balanced.  Because the Diamondhead handguard is free-floating, supporting the barrel in any way leads to no discernible point of impact shift.

Negative Observations:

While I have no negative observations about the CDI per se – it is pretty close to perfect right out of the box – I always try to identify where a product could be improved after I review it.

The only modification I would make to the CDI would be to change the gas system from a carbine length to a midlength.  Moving the gas port forward two inches would decrease felt recoil without affecting reliability, as the CDI uses a 16″ barrel that can function with a “middy” system.  Additionally, as the CDI comes standard with a 10″ free floating handguard, the gas system would still be housed under the handguards even if it were moved forward two inches to accomodate a midlength gas tube, and the only weight that would be added would be a couple of grams from the 2″ of additional gas tube.

Windham Weaponry probably does this as a cost-saving measure, as I would imagine the 16″ M4 profile barrels are more common in the carbine length gas system, and it would further allow a manufacturer to easily chop down a 16″ barrel to a government-standard 14.5″ should a large military order come in.  However, this is just my personal speculation.  A representative of Windham Weaponry responded directly to this exact inquiry on as follows:

We chose to first build rifles of the mil-spec carbine dimensions. This is a system that has been working since the 1960s and the vast majority of upgrades fit onto this length system. I can’t find any evidence that a carbine length gas system is any harder on the carrier than a rifle lengh (or mid length for that matter). I’ve got 7500 rounds through one of our carbines so far without replacing any parts and it’s still going. We may offer a mid length at some point in the future but right now it’s all we can do to keep up with the demand of what we currently offer.

That said, I agree with Windham’s observation to the extent that recoil was not noticeably greater between the CDI and my mid-length ARs, although I admittedly did not shoot them side by side.  A couple of my female concealed weapons students had the opportunity to shoot the CDI at the range, and were clanging the 12″ steel gongs at 100m after only a few minutes of instruction.  They felt the recoil was minimal, and were sad to find out the CDI had to go back to Maine after eval.  Also note that the 16″ M4 profile barrel with a carbine gas system is not unique to Windham Weaponry, rather, this configuration is a very common setup across all manufacturers.  Further, while a mid-length profile might be preferable, the benefit might not outweigh the potential increase is production cost, whatever that may be.

Also, AR performance zealots might bemoan the 1:9″ twist barrel, but that’s no reason to discount the CDI unless you plan on shooting the heaviest of match rounds through this AR.  The 1:9 will handle the standard 55gr and 62gr target rounds as well as or better than the 1:7″ mil-spec twist.  This 1:9″ twist is also extremely common, probably more so than the 1:7″.


Just like my first AR – a Bushmaster Patrolman’s Carbine almost certainly made in the same factory as this Windham Weaponry CDI – the CDI appeared to be a quality AR that shoots well and handles well.  Unlike my Bushmaster, however, the end user doesn’t need to add a thing to get the CDI in fighting shape out of the box.  The CDI comes with a bevy of well-thought-out accessories already bolted on at the factory.  From the more critical aspects of operation such as iron sights, which are the superb Diamondhead dual aperture flip ups, to the less critical (but oh-so-important in terms of cool factor) upgrades such as the Magpul furniture, this CDI looks like it was well-planned from the start.  For example, while many manufacturers might have been to content to slip a two-piece quad rail under the delta ring with the hopes that the buyer would be attracted by the tacticool look, ignorant of the drawbacks of a non-freefloating handguard, Windham decided to go all the way, adding a robust, monolithic free floating 10″ handguard that will not negatively affect accuracy or shift POI like a two-piece handguard might.

The CDI’s trigger, fit, finish, and accuracy were within range of other high-end AR manufacturers such as Stag/CMT, LMT, BCM, Bushmaster, Rock River, and et cetera.  Although the CDI’s MSRP is nearly $1,700, street price is in the $1,200 range.  Given that some stock, plain ARs are about $800-$1,000, the CDI is a good deal when you factor in the extras like the Diamondhead parts, Magpul furniture, the Vortex and the ambi sling plate – totaling somewhere between $500 and $600 in parts before installation.  That’s all based around a good core with not-often seen mil spec extras such as the 158 Carpenter steel bolt and 4150 chrome moly vanadium 11595E steel barrel with M4 feed ramps – huge but little-known bonuses that are ignored by entry level ARs to cut production costs.  Although novice AR builders may be able to assemble something similar for a little bit less money, that doesn’t account for the trouble involved with the build, and moreover, it is unlikely that an AR tweaker would be interested in a fully-accessorized rifle to begin with anyways.

In closing, it looks like Windham stays true to their motto – quality goes in before the gun goes out, and this CDI was consistent with that philosophy.  The CDI was well made with a very sophisticated and unique accessory set.  If every Windham rifle is as well made as my sample CDI, I anticipate that Windham will continue to grow in the space where Bushmaster was born.

James Reeves

• NRA-licensed concealed weapons instructor, 2012-present
Maxim Magazine’s MAXIMum Warrior, 2011
• “Co-Director” [air quotes] of TFBTV
• Former Regional Sales Rep, Interstate Arms Corp., MA
• Champion, Key West Cinco De Mayo Taco Eating Competition
• GLOCK® Certified Pistol Operator, 2017-2022
• Lawyer
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  • James Sullivan

    every barrel starts as a cut at my saw..

    • James J. Reeves II

      Does that mean you work at WW, James?

  • Nicholas

    I just find the price hard to justify on a (technically) new brand. For example, several version of the Daniel Defense M4V series either MSRP at just under or over 100 dollars from this rifle. DD is incredibly proven and high quality and much of the upgrades you wanted but didn’t necessarily need come standard on the M4V series. I just can’t justify dropping 1600 on what is essentially a classed up Bushmaster who’s products in recent years (outside of the ACR) haven’t been the best in the AR segment.

    • James J. Reeves II


      While I understand your sentiment, don’t confuse Bushmaster and Windham (although it is easy to do). The two are no longer affiliated. For that matter, I suppose Windham technically has a longer track record than the “new” Bushmaster, as Windham guns are being made by former Bushmaster employees in the old Bushmaster shop. A Bushmaster made in the 80s probably has more in common than a Windham than an Ilion/Freedom Group post-2011 Bushmaster.

  • Great review.

  • Lance

    Looks like a kick butt competition three gun rifle.

  • Zius Patagus

    Kudos to Richard Dyke for looking out for his former employees. I hope Windham Weaponry grows to be very successful.

  • idahoguy101

    Moving production to Ilion. Has the company been bought out by Remington?

  • IXLR8

    The CDI AR15 appears to be a fine weapon, built by a quality company. Please excuse me if I pass on a company based in New York State, in favor of one built in a more 2nd amendment friendly environment. I would prefer not to sponsor manufacturers based in hostile environments.
    I am sure that it is difficult to assemble a quality staff, and facility. Having one readily available in New York probably saved Windham significant startup costs.
    James R., your reviews are always honest and informative. Keep up the good work.

    • James J. Reeves II


      • IXLR8

        I retract any misgivings based on manufacturing location. I was just trying to say all things being equal, I would rather buy from firearm friendly state.

        • DiverEngrSL17K

          It isn’t too difficult to appreciate your concerns. In that case, you’ll probably have no qualms about buying from Windham Weaponry if you so choose, Maine being largely a firearms-friendly state. I suppose that in the end, it is all a matter of how one judges the final balance of the pros and cons of firearms laws in each and every state as it applies to one’s interests.

        • Steve

          I agree heck with supporting the idiot gun grabbing states like NY

        • Dan

          I’m not positive, but I believe they also have a manufacturing facility outside Phoenix, AZ. I appreciate the review. I recently moved from suburbia to 7 acres, and am in the market for my first AR-15. I intend to go buy a Windham today.

    • floppyscience

      I think you misunderstood the article. Windham Weaponry is in Windham, Maine. They’re in what used to be the Bushmaster plant before Freedom Group bought Bushmaster and moved production to NY.

  • When you say the BCG was lightly staked, what exactly does that mean? It is either properly staked or it isn’t. Did you ask if they are properly MPI tested? What about the castle nut? Was it properly staked to prevent loosening? These items are the most important part of the rifle and many reviewers overlook them. They attribute to the majority of failures and they speak volumes to the quality and attention a manufacturer gives to their rifles. There was a reason Bushmaster got a bad rap.

    • James J. Reeves II

      Good questions. I didn’t cover all of that in the review, as most readers don’t want that much detail, and it bogs down the review. But to answer your questions (which I am glad to do), the castle nut was not staked. Note that many people don’t care about that because those that do can Loctite or stake themselves, while those that don’t care like to be able to change buffer tubes, for example, going from a carbine buffer to a UBR stock. Second, I think it is improper for me to provide my personal opinion as to whether or not this was a “properly” or “improperly” staked gas key as that is a bit of a gray area (see and it would be unfair to manufacturers for me to so opine. To give you some insight, though, it looked like the gas key pictured in this gentleman’s forum post discussing his WW rifle:**56k-warning**.html

      • Thanks for the clarification. I have yet to see a Windham locally in person so I was interested.

    • Bert Reynolds

      I agree with The Deserts Edge. No MPI/HP no sale. Further, James are you trying to say the majority of barrels are 1 in 9? Seriously? No they’re not. If the barrel isn’t 1 in 7 so I can shoot milsurp and still hit the paper then no sale. If the gas key isn’t staked good & tight no sale. $1600 for something that isn’t Noveske, Daniel Defense, or Colt is overpriced. One can acquire a Colt Socom from WalMart for less money. This is a situation where the less you know the worse off you are. I’m a big fan of quality. Not to say Bushies or WWs are crap, but I’d rather my rifles go a lot farther than 7500 rounds. I mean a lot farther. And, I’d rather the benefit of being up to spec. Thumbs down on this poser.

      • James R.

        This sounds like trolling, but just to answer the one question I can derive from this in case you are serious, I would say yes, most commercial AR barrels are 1:9. The former disciples of “The Chart” might only consider Noveske, LMT, DD, BCM, Colt, etc., which all have 1:7, however, most of the major commercial AR manufacturers – RRA, Bushmaster, DPMS, Armalite, and even Windham – all turn 1:9. So, yes, as I said in the review, the 1:9 is “extremely common.”

        Also, M193 (which would be, in your words, ‘milsurp’) is 55gr, which is better-suited for 1:9 than 1:7, therefore, 1:9 will shoot ‘milsurp’ just fine. While I would agree that the 1:7 is more versatile across the 55-77gr range of most 5.56 rounds, it is inaccurate to say that 1:9 can’t shoot ‘milsurp.’

        • Living in Reality

          I enjoyed your article, I hope you don’t mind if I expand on one of your comments.

          You stated “1:7 is more versatile across the 55-77gr range”, since the 1/9 twist will shoot up to 69 grain with acceptable accuracy, only advantage to 1/7 are rounds that are 70-77 grain.

          Another point I would make in favor of the 1/9, a tighter twist like a 1/7 in comparison, will wear down your barrel quicker. Which in reality won’t matter to the majority of AR owners, due to the fact that the majority will probably never fire their rifles enough to realize the benefit of less wear on their barrel.

      • Living in Reality

        Everyone has their preference, however it seems to me that you’re not looking at this review with an open mind.

        The following opinions are based on owning a windham and the research i’ve conducted prior to purchasing their product. I consider this an honest evaluation because i was brand new to AR when researching, so I had no preference.

        1) Based on comments from Windham rep., bolts are MPI inspected, but not HP tested. HP testing puts extreme stress on the bolt, which I would prefer they not stress out the metal before putting it in a product that I will be shooting.

        As a comparison, car manufacturers are required to crash test their product, but they don’t crash test the product they sell you. Keep in mind a standard car is approx 4K lbs and capable of over 100MPH, safety is a concern.

        2) 1/9 twist is perfectly suited to shoot up to 69 grain ammo, which still gives you a very nice range in selection. Which for the average shooter represents a large percentage of what you’ll actually be shooting. Go to your local gun store and look at what’s on the shelf, while you’re there, take a look at the price of the heavier grain ammo. Outside of being a competition shooter, you tell me what ammo you’ll most likely be shooting.

        3) Gas key is properly staked, castle nut is not, I haven’t seen any evidence that a non-staked castle nut that is torqued properly, cause any reliability issues.

        4) 1,600 is the MSRP…reality is street price, which is mentioned around 1,200. My local Walmart had a colt model with “upgraded” parts for around 1,500. So reality is this rifle would cost 300 less. So the price point is fair.

        5) The comment that was quoted in the article “I’ve got 7,500 rounds through one of our carbines so far without replacing any parts and it’s still going.”, this is stating that they have currently fired 7,500 rounds and the subject rifle has not failed, this does NOT mean it will only last 7,500. You’re focused on the number, did you miss the part where they stated that “without replacing any parts”, which includes the ejector, springs…basically all the internal components. This tells me that they are selective in choosing what goes into their guns.

        Do i sound like a Windham fan? Yes, probably, but I’m also a Windham owner. I chose to purchase this rifle with my own money, nothing was given or donated. Colt has established itself as a reputable gun maker, but they’re not the only company capable of making a quality product.

  • Jerome

    I own a Windham AR-15 and it is a great shooting rifle…first thing you will notice on a Windham is how smooth the finish is! Very well made gun.

  • Bob

    If nothing else, it’s nice to know Windham’s origins, Bushmaster with a different name? maybe, maybe not, but it’s something I will keep in mind if I were to go AR shopping.

    • callmechaz

      They are just down the road from me in Maine. NOTHING TO DO with Bushmaster–read their story. I like their weapons and I LOVE their attitude and customer service. With proper ammunition, my HBAR Windham will shoot sub-MOA groups out to 300 yards with a non-floating hand guard. Did I mention lifetime warranty and an excellent fit and finish.

  • callmechaz

    I have a WW model made for Cabela’s for over a year–flattop, non-floating hand guard, with heavy barrel. Shooting from a bench rest with a 6X optic I have tested ammo (Corbon 55gr JHP was best) that will group sub-MOA at 300 yards. The only alteration I made was a Geissele 3 gun trigger (NOT recommended for shooting groups). 1000 round of a dozen or more types of ammo with no problems. Not bad for a basic, well priced AR with a lifetime warranty